What is Glaucoma?
Glaucoma is often a condition that affects the optic nerve. It accumulates increased pressure from the eye. This, subsequently, damages the connectivity involving the optic nerve plus the brain leading to permanent vision loss.
Symptoms and Types of Glaucoma
There are two main sorts of Glaucoma:
Open-angle glaucoma: This is more widespread and harder to detect. People do not experience any serious symptoms though the patient suffers gradual decrease in vision and might completely lose it if left unattended. It is estimated that over 3 million Americans have glaucoma.
Angle-closure glaucoma: It is not quite typical but it’s a breeze to detect. Symptoms include immediate vision loss, severe eye pain, extremely red eyes, and nausea. Vision loss occurs incredibly soon and there aren’t any proven successful treatments to regenerate lost vision. Since it is less than common, not more than 10% may take a hit every year.
Are You at Risk For Glaucoma?
A survey prepared for Glaucoma Research Foundation found out that 74% that has reached over 1,000 people interviewed get their eyes examined no less than every couple of years. Yet, there aren’t any exact steps or techniques to prevent glaucoma.
Everyone is in risk of glaucoma but certain groups are near higher risk as opposed to runners:
People with the age of 40 and above have reached higher chance getting afflicted with glaucoma;
If you happen to be diabetic, it is strongly suggested that you continue regular medical check-ups;
If you do have a family history of glaucoma: remember the most common form of glaucoma, primary open-angle glaucoma, is hereditary;
If you’ve already underwent a LASIK surgery;
If you are an African/American – it really is six to eight times more usual in African Americans in comparison to Caucasians;
People with variations in hypertension, traumas or hypertension.
What foods to enjoy?
Some healthy food choices habits to make strong eyesight:
Intake of vitamin A, B and C
Foods loaded with protein
Green leafy vegetables, fruits and cereals
Increased intake of omega-3 fatty acid, B-complex and calcium
Avoid consuming tea, coffee, and alcohol
How to Treat Glaucoma?
A selection of options are on the market to treat glaucoma, with regards to the severity of the trouble. It can be helped by eye drops, pills, laser surgery, traditional surgical procedures or a combination of these very efficient methods.
Eye Drops: It’s effective for patients inside their initial stage of glaucoma. The patient would need to hydrate his/her eyes with drops but only as prescribed. Adverse effects include swelling, itching, sore eyes, blurred vision, allergies, and redness.
Laser Surgery: It repairs the connectivity issue involving the optic nerve along with the brain protecting from permanent eyesight loss. Laser surgical treatment is for people who cannot tolerate medications. However, its effect is normally not permanent.
Micro Surgery: A thin tube is transplanted plus the optic nerve gets attached to the brain through it. The effectiveness of this way is quite less when comparing laser surgery.
These treatments only benefit people diagnosed in the last stages of glaucoma. Without treatment, it is going to result in complete vision loss. That is one good reason people think of it as “the sneak thief of sight.”