Having a ‘big heart’ is often a great thing in metaphorical terms but also in literal cases, this can be a serious medical problem. Enlargement on the heart muscles is called cardiomyopathy. Cardiomyopathy is truly a group of problems that affect the ability on the heart muscles to pump blood.
The human heart is made up of four chambers- two atria and 2 ventricles. The atria receive blood plus the ventricles pump blood out with the heart. These chambers are constructed with a special form of muscle called cardiac muscle. Cardiomyopathy affects the scale and shape from the heart muscles.
Cardiomyopathy can involve stiffening with the heart muscles, thickening from the muscles, or stretching from the cardiac muscles.
Types Of Cardiomyopathy
Cardiomyopathies are of four years old main types: dilated cardiomyopathy, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia, and restrictive cardiomyopathy.
This is a kind of condition in which one’s heart muscles become thin and stretched causing them to be weak and can not pump blood adequately. This is the most common style of cardiomyopathy.
Thinning with the heart muscle causes enlargement on the heart. The weakness with the heart may result in heart failure.
This is usually a genetic kind of cardiomyopathy where there is thickening on the heart muscles which restricts the blood circulation through the very center and from the very center to the rest on the body. The thickening with the walls from the heart means that the very center can’t hold as often blood because it should be able to.
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy often goes undiagnosed but it’s a leading source of sudden heart attack in the younger generation.
Arrhythmogenic Right Ventricular Dysplasia
In this kind of cardiomyopathy, the cardiac muscle in the ventricles is replaced by fat and fibrous tissue. This is really a rare sort of cardiomyopathy.
Loss of cardiac muscle cells can result in heart failure and abnormal heart rhythms. This style of cardiomyopathy is named by a mutation from the genes that control proteins that produce cardiac cells. This causes cell death with the cardiac muscle cells as well as the dead cells are replaced by fibrous tissue and fat.
In restrictive cardiomyopathy, the walls on the ventricles stiffen and are struggling to relax. This affects the pumping of blood out from the heart. It is the least common sort of cardiomyopathy.
The cause is unknown nonetheless it can be a result of scarring following a heart transplant or it can be an inherited condition.
Other sorts of cardiomyopathy include stress cardiomyopathy, secondary cardiomyopathy, and ischemic cardiomyopathy.
Symptoms Of Cardiomyopathy
Since cardiomyopathy affects the pumping functions in the heart, it might give rise on the following symptoms:
Abnormal heart rhythms (arrhythmia)
Dizziness and fainting
Low exercise tolerance
Hypertension (high blood pressure levels)
Swelling in the extremities particularly the feet and legs
Fluid accumulation within the abdomen
Persistent coughing, especially while lying down
Treatment Of Cardiomyopathy
Prior to initiation of treatment, a detailed diagnosis of cardiomyopathy is needed. Diagnosis of cardiomyopathy involves good physical exam, electrocardiography (ECG), blood test, genetic testing, and echocardiography.
Treatment of cardiomyopathy can include the next approaches:
Lifestyle changes like a low salt diet, not smoking, maintaining a wholesome weight, and limiting alcohol intake.
Medications to treat blood pressure levels, swelling and fluid retention, chest pain, abnormal heart rhythms, and medications to handle heart failure.
Surgical procedures to eliminate the thickened heart muscle
Implantation of your pacemaker
Heart transplant (in severe cases)
Implantation of the internal defibrillator
Who Is At Risk For Cardiomyopathy?
Family background genetic factors are one in the biggest predators for progression of cardiomyopathy. Other factors that put anyone at risk for cardiomyopathy are:
Cardiomyopathy is usually life-threatening however it often goes undiagnosed. Being aware of all your family members history regarding cardiac conditions in addition to regular heart check-ups may help detect this problem and initiate treatment as required.